Until the arrival of man in space, water has been the most complicated element to dominate by our species, a struggle that goes back thousands of years ago and has as protagonists the great civilizations of our planet. With the advances of engineering, the battle against the Sea has become less fierce, but nonetheless it remains able to surprise us with some of the most impressive architectural works of our era.
1) Bishop’s Lighthouse
Bishop Rock’s lighthouse is probably the most disproportionate construction in the world, but it is far from a mere whim of the Cornish Peninsula. The problems with the rocks of the area forced in the middle of the nineteenth century to try to avoid the constant naval incidents that were produced there, and for that it was built a tower of 35 meters of height that it would take seven years to inaugurate. Then nine more meters were added to the lighthouse built on the island with the smallest building in the world.
2) Aqueduct of Segovia
It stopped working in the middle of the last century, but the aqueduct of Segovia has been there since the beginning of the 2nd century A.D., with hardly any remodeling. It is one of the most impressive architectural works of the Roman Empire and transported water 17 kilometers until reaching the 167 arches that today are emblem of the city. What makes it a whole engineering spectacle is that the blocks of up to 2,500 kilos that compose it are supported by the force that they exert between them, since no kind of cement was used to maintain them.
Since the first voyages of explorers to the Pacific Ocean around the year 1500 had elucubrado on the possibility of creating a faster trade route, but the beginning of the works of the Panama Canal had to wait almost 400 years. After various setbacks and changes in management, the Interoceanic route would officially inaugurate in 1914 allowing the boats to travel 65 kilometers that last June 26
4) Kansai International Airport
Awarded as one of the ten most important civil engineering monuments of the millennium, Kansai Airport is located on an artificial island in which 21 million cubic meters of concrete were invested in a three year work that ended up surpassing the 1,000 Million dollars. A six-year job that would open the terminal in 1994 and since then has overcome earthquakes, typhoons and has laughed in the face
It seems incredible that the Great Depression would allow a work like that of the Hoover dam reaching a budget of 49 million dollars (slightly more than 800 million with inflation adjustment), but it was not the most incredible fact of the process. Built between 1931 and 1936 it was completed two years ahead of schedule and its 221 meters of altitude control the flow of the Colorado River while housing 17 turbine generators that generate 2047 megawatts of power. Today it is considered a national park and is one of the main tourist attractions of the area.
6) The Palm
With 100 million cubic meters of rock and sand, some grace for construction and huge amounts of money you can do whatever you get out of the fig in the UAE, for example create a series of artificial islands that will increase by 520 km the surface of the PL Ayas of Dubai. The project, still under construction, serves as a ground for some of the best hotels in the world, as well as luxury apartments, amusement parks and gardens.
7) The Manta Resort
Not for its construction, but for what it has meant for the fashion of underwater hotels and the photos shared by your friends on Facebook, the Manta Resort is one of the most recognizable images of underwater construction. This small artificial island anchored in different parts of the depths at 250 meters from the coast, offers a two-storey apartment with which you will have to scratch from 1,500 dollars per night to enjoy its underwater views.